中国方言平台: 乡音苑 “Phonemica”

This American and his country partner build the free internet platform 乡音苑 “Phonemica” collecting 300 Chinese dialects from volunteers of all regions within and outside China.

The French linguists (*) define :
“A Language (语言) is, in effect, just another ‘successful‘ dialect (方言)”
语言只是一种成功的方言
Une langue peut être, en effet, un dialecte qui a réussi.

Successful” refers to its official recognition as widely used in business by the country, taught in schools, has grammar rules and written literatures.

Example: English, French, Italian etc were dialects before then the lingua franca Latin in 16th Century, they gradually replaced Latin to become the official language in their country and worldwide.

There are 7 major groups of Chinese dialect, each further divided into many subgroups.
Example:

福建方言主要有以下这几个语系:
闽东方言 (福州及周边地区,以福州话为代表)
闽南方言(厦门, 金门, 潮汕, 台语, 泉州、漳州、安溪 , 同安, 龙岩大田的西南部,以泉州话为代表)
闽中莆仙方言(兴化莆田、仙游、涵江,以莆田话为代表)
闽中永安方言(永安、沙县,以永安话为代表)
闽北方言(建瓯、建阳,浦城,南平,顺昌,以建瓯话为代表)
闽赣方言(邵武、建宁、泰宁、宁化)
闽客(客家)方言(长汀、上杭、永定、诏安、连城)

晋语: [Audio]: (声音)

[Text: 原文]

Sample 29 dialects:

Note: (*)
法国语言学家亨利埃德·怀尔傣(Henriette Walter)在其著作《法语全方位Le français dans tous les sens》中明确指出:“方言是种语言un patois, c’est une langue”,并且说:“法语只是一种成功的方言 le français n’est qu’un patois qui a réussi”。
这句话被包括法兰西学术院院士爱力克·奥赛拿Erik Orsenna在内的许多学者,直接引用为:
语言只是一种成功的方言
Une langue peut être, en effet, un dialecte qui a réussi.

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