鏗鏘集:再思大學之道

Some top HK universities, for commercial reasons (international ranking, student enrollment, graduate job market) , cancel some “non profitable” faculties eg. Astrology, Physics, Maths.

What is 大学 university’s raison d’etre "明德"?

Luckily only NUS (National University of Singapore) still keeps Physics, Math, Philosophy faculties (no Astrology). The other 2 Singapore universities NTU is mainly engineering, SMU is business school, they are like the French “Grandes Ecoles” engineering/Biz or MIT-like, different from pure universities eg Harvard, Cambridge, Oxford, 北大,清华…

我的祖父,爸爸都只读过私塾《三,百,千》,前者多读一本《大学》,用福建话(闽南语=上古汉语 200 BCE)唸,特别靠近古人的发音押韵,朗朗上口,终生不忘,认识大概1000 – 2000 个汉字,足够日常读报纸,做生意结算中式“天地人”账目(3-tier Accounting, different from T-accounts) 。

《三百千》= 《三字经》 +《百家姓》 +《千字文》
《大学》= 《四书》之一 [四书指的是《大学》、《中庸》、《论语》、《孟子》]

《大学》开头一句我小学时跟爸爸学,用福建话朗诵:

“大学之道,在明明德。”

The “Dao” (道) way of great learning (大学 University) consists in manifesting (明1) one’s bright (明2) virtue (德) .

长大后过了中年,才明白其"真理"。
今日的大学生受西方教育影响,很功利,品格自私,何来" 明德"?

《大学》authored by 曾子,youngest disciple of Confucius. He later taught Confucius grandson 子思,who in turn taught 孟子。

闽南语 朗诵 《大学》:

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