工作时间和生产力成反比 Long Working Hours = Low Productivity

很多人说法国人,澳洲人懒,工作时间短,其实不然。比较 Productivity (measured by GDP per Hour) ,他们的生产力比长时间做工的新加坡人高很多。

自19CE 英国发起的工业革命后,人类工作时间的历史进展:

1844 : 12 hrs / day
1848 : 10 hrs / day
1886 : [USA] 8 hrs / day
1919 : 8 hrs / day, 48 hrs / week
1935 : 40 hrs / week
1981 : [Aussie] 37 hrs / week
2002 : [France] 35 hrs / week

提高生产力的演变:

  1. 农业时代:人多好办事
  2. 工业时代: 工厂 分工细的协作

  • 机器化 :Robotic Automation
  • 资讯科技 : IT Computerisation
  • 脑力自动化 :AI

L = 劳动成果 Labour’s Product
S = Salary (Employees’)
V = Excess Values (Shareholders’ Profit)

\boxed {L = S +V }… [*]

V increases in terms of profits for shareholders (only Huawei shares 99% of V with the 180,000 employees)

Repeat [*] in cycles (aka “Turns”) as fast as possible to accumulate wealth for shareholders, who usually apply 2 techniques:

  1. Re-invest wealth for expansion, or
  2. Merger & Acquisition (M&A) with smaller competitors

Most MNCs use the 2nd technique for rapid expansion rather than the slow 1st technique (aka Organic Growth) , however, by laying off (aka “WFR” Work Force Reduction) the excess labours arise from duplicate staff (supporting functions, product lines) in M&A.

Examples:

  • Compaq acquired DEC
  • HP acquired Compaq
  • Oracle acquired Sun Microsystem
  • IBM acquired Redhat Linux
  • Google acquired YouTube, Android
  • Facebook acquired WhatsApp, Instagram
  • Alibaba acquired Lazada
  • etc.

Case Study: Kopitiam (acquired by NTUC) at Funan Mall KopiTech uses technology to improve productivity, after the “24-hour Stalls” concept had failed.

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