《纽带》- 汉学

1. 当西方遇见中国

  • 罗明坚 (第一个 澳门 耶稣会教士)
  • 利马窦 (万历皇帝, 徐启光 《几何原理》)
  • 卫匡国 (满清入关, 罗马天皇《中国礼仪》 )

2. 汉学点燃欧洲 “启蒙时代”

  • 康熙 和他的法国数学老师 白晋
  • Leibniz : 欧洲和中国互相学习
  • “无为” 影响 Adam Smith 《富国论》”无形的手” (Invisible Hands)
  • 18CE (留法)传教士 黄经略 和 孟德尔鸠 – “民法论” 三权独立
  • Votaire 福尔泰 – “幻想”中国皇帝 就是 Plato的 “哲学家国王” (Philosopher King)。 “孔子信徒” , 歌剧《中国孤儿 》(赵氏孤儿)
  • 影响 法国大革命 – 反国王, 反天主教廷。

4. 法国抢回去的汉学 – 敦煌文献

7. 欧洲”汉学” (Sinology) =>USA “中国学” (Chinese Studies)

  • 费正清
  • 史景迁
  • 魏 …

Advertisements

太极拳的智慧

20151019 文明之旅 余功保

太极拳长寿的秘诀:虚灵顶劲 ” : 行走坐卧的姿态 —
头顶悬着一条虚拟(virtual)绳子, 身体笔直, 尾闾 (屁股尾骨) 中正。

张三丰 教张无忌 新创的 “太极拳” 秘诀: 无招胜有招

好的太极拳判断标准:

无过不及: 动作不过度娇作或别扭
盈虚有象: 精神饱满

新武侠小说源起 梁羽生: 50年代 澳门 “吴陈比武 – 吴氏太极拳对白鹤拳” (3分钟 => 不和, 不胜, 不输).

Note:

1.福建 永春 “白鹤拳” 就是 詠春拳和日本空手道的前身。由雍正年间五枚师太从清军火烧南少林逃亡途中, 见蛇鹤相斗而领悟出的功夫。传村女严詠春而称”詠春拳”, 其夫梁博俦传给中医师梁赞, 赞 再传 陈华顺, 陈 传 叶问, 叶晚年收的幼徒就是 李小龙 (Bruce Lee)。

2.吴氏太极拳的前身是杨氏太极拳, 由杨露禅传满州人吴全佑, 其子吴鉴泉发扬光大。长孙吴公仪 提倡太极拳搏斗, 和白鹤拳大师 陈克夫的历史决斗是慈善性质。

埋没二千年的墨子思想

墨子学派:

1. 科技: 力学, 光学, 时空4D”相对论”

2. 兼爱: “All men are created equal” (美国独立宣穷,或有前不容言)

3. 非攻: 和平。”墨子救宋”: 公输般和墨翟的沙盘攻城对弈

4. 民主: 早18世纪法国革命卢梭2000年。

5. 信用: 第一是信用。”言必信, 行必果” (周恩来送给田中首相的六字墨子名言)

经上”第41条云:

穷,或有前不容尺也

或不容尺,有穷;莫不容尺,无穷也。

无形胜有形

无声胜有声 – 气氛感动

无招胜有招 – 武术高深

●胸口摸得著的尺寸叫——胸圍;

胸口摸不到的尺寸叫——胸懷。

 ●眼睛看得到的地方叫——視線;

眼睛看不到的地方叫——視野。

 ●嘴裡說得出來的話叫——內容;

嘴裡說不出來的話叫——內涵。

 ●手上比劃出來的動作叫——手勢;

手上比劃不出來的動作叫——手段。

 ●腦子里測得出的東西叫——智商;

腦子里測不出來的東西叫——智慧。

 ●耳朵聽得到的動靜叫——聲音,

耳朵聽不到的動靜叫——聲譽。

 ●證件上印出來的叫——文憑;

證件上印不出來的叫——文化。

 ●溫度計量得出來的叫——溫度,

溫度計量不出來的叫——溫暖;

 ●手指寫得出來的文字叫——文章;

手指寫不出來的文字叫——文學。

 ●鏡子里看得到的是——自己;

鏡子里看不到的是——自我。

 ●金錢衡量得出的是——價格;

金錢衡量不出的是——價值。

 ●存款顯示出來的叫——財產;

存款顯示不出來的叫——財富。

 ●牽掛在嘴上的叫——情話;

牽掛在心裡的叫——情感。

  

20種快樂的方法

​2017新年禮物!

哈佛大學推薦:20種快樂的方法 20 things to do to be happy!
1. Be grateful. 

學會感恩。

2. Choose your friends wisely.

明智的選擇朋友。

3. Cultivate compassion.

培養同情心。

4. Keep learning.

不斷學習。

5. Become a problem solver.

學會解決問題。

6. Do what you love.

做你想做的事情。

7. Live in the present.

活在當下。

8. Laugh often.

經常微笑。

9. Learn to forgive.

學會原諒。

10. Say ‘thank you’ often. 常說謝謝。

11. Create stronger connections.

學會深交。

12. Keep your agreement.

信守承諾。

13. Meditate.

反思、冥想。

14. Focus on what you’re doing.

關注你在做的事情。

15. Be optimistic. 

樂觀。

16. Love unconditionally.

付出愛。

17. Don’t ever give up.

永不放棄。

18. Do your best and hope for the best..

盡力而為,然後隨緣。

19. Take care of yourself. 

好好照顧自己。

20. Repay the kindness you have gotten. 感恩圖報。

Founder of Alibaba Jack Ma Interview by Charlie Rose & Bill Clinton

(Jan 2017) Interview by Charlie Rose

Key take-aways:

Q1. Why called Alibaba ?
JM: I like “Alibaba, open sesame”. Internet is also opening opportunities.

Q2. What is your business philosophy?
JM: Customers #1, Employees #2, Shareholders #3. The conventional companies reverse these 3 priorities. When your company business hits difficulties, shareholders run first, but loyal employees and loyal customers stay with you.

Q3: Where are the business opportunities ?
JM: Today opportunities are everywhere  if  companies can solve  problems faced by the customers. Alibaba’s value is helping the few hundred million SME (Small-Medium Entreprises) to sell their goods to the world. By helping customers (SME), they in turn help Alibaba growing.

Q4: Will Alibaba surpass Microsoft or Walmart one day ?
JM: Yes. Microsoft & Walmart are B-2-C business model, but Alibaba is bigger: C-2-B, bringing billion of customers together to force companies change their way of operating business.

Q5: Do you agree with philanthropy call by Bill Gates & Warren Buffet to donate 50% ~ 90% of your fortune away to charity in your life time?
JM: I only sleep on 1 bed, eat 3 meals…I don’t need millions to spend…If you earn more than 100 million dollars, these monies are given by society to you but not your monies. You should spend the money NOW – and not later in your life time – by giving back to society for the youth’s education, help them creating millions of jobs, health care,  environment…

Q6: Can eCommerce companies in US beat Alibaba?
JM: USA still leads in technology innovation for the next 20~30 years. However, today it is the customer market place that drives the demand of product innovation… China market has 1.4 billion customers…

Ex-President Bill Clinton interviewed Jack Ma (2015): 

China in the last 30 years was export-oriented economy, built factories making cheap products by polluting our environment. China government could not develop internal consumer market, because that required asking Chinese to spend their saving. Chinese saving is the world’s number 1, we spend yesterday’s money (saving) but the Americans spend tomorrow’s money (credit card, bank loans) or somebody’s else money (borrow debt by treasury bonds). 

China  soon to have  half billion middle class people who will have money to spend by importing goods from the world. This is the opportunity for entrepreneurs like Alibaba. Unlike export-oriented economy pollutes air, river and environment, import-oriented economy will be more environment-friendly.