Next Big Future: China’s cities are shaping China and impacting the World

In 2014, Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz said that two significant forces would shape global prosperity in the 21st century:

1. U.S. technological innovation
2. Urbanisation in China

https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2018/07/chinas-cities-are-shaping-china-and-impacting-the-world.html

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博鳌亚洲论坛2018年年会开幕

习近平的2句古文:

1. 天行有常, 应之以治为吉 《战国. 荀子》
“An ancient Chinese classic teaches that heaven has its own law and those who embrace it will prosper. ”

2. “苟利于民,不必法古;苟周于事,不必循俗”。《西汉. 刘安》
“A Chinese philosopher recognized as early as over 2,500 years ago that one doesn’t have to follow a beaten path if he wishes to benefit the people and one doesn”t have to observe old conventions if he wishes to get things done. “

http://www.ccdi.gov.cn/toutiao/201804/t20180410_169650.html

讲稿 全文(中英):
http://m.weiduba.net/wx/1012152337321344

Xi’s Speech (English):

2017 马云 @ IT Leaders Summit

传统大企业对新技术的漠视:

  • 云计算,
  • 大数据,
  • AI

未来30 年的企业:

  1. Entrepreneur -> Netrepreneur。
  2. 创业资源: 独特的技术 + 数据 + 创新
  3. 未来属于谁的天下: 不是互联网公司 (“B.A.T. ” 百度/阿里/腾飞 , Google, Facebook…), 是用好互联网的用户 (Amazon, Uber, …)。
  4. 一切业务数据化 (Biz Digitalisation)。
  5. 以前国际化是能力 (Capability) -> 未来全球化是格局 (Pattern)
  6. 80年代的IT: 企业强化自己的竞争 (Corporate Competitiveness )。
  7. 现在 的 Data Technology (D.T.): “服务别人”的竞争 (Service Competitiveness)。
  8. 未来的AI (人工智能): “为人(脑)服务”。
  9. 实体 / 虚拟 (Virtual) 经济: 不是对立。银行本来就是虚拟经济。
  10. 教育 : 教(知识), 育 (文化)。 注重 音乐(智慧), 体育运动 (Teamwork), 美术 (Imagination)。
  11. 学习: 学: 吸取知识, 习: 犯错误, 从失败中学经验。

2017年1月 马云达沃斯44分钟全程英文演讲

达沃斯论坛 马云和习近平, 一个是中国创业家,一个是中国政治家,2人都是从中国出发去改变世界, 让西方敬佩不已。

未成名前的奋斗史:  30次 失败 – 学业 (高考3次, 哈佛10次), 求职 (警察, KFC), 创业 (中国黄页, …) 经验 — 学”阿甘精神” : 永不怕失败 。

成名后: 财富的看法 – 超过一亿, 那是社会寄托给你善于保管 (custodian of fortune), 不是你的钱 — 取之社会, 用之社会。

退休后: 教导中国年轻人: 讲”马云”的故事。

爱读武侠小说: 马云和金庸是挚友, 惺惺相惜。”侠客”的精神。

36:50 mins: 马云解释 有趣的”太极哲学”与生意。(他和李连杰 合作开 国际太极馆 弘扬太极拳, 目的要 打入 Olympic 比赛项目)

中国高铁 王梦恕院士

​王梦恕 格言: 

物我两忘, 宠辱不惊。
忠孝仁义做人, 求真务实作事。

中国新外交: “高铁”输出
◇ 实现 “一带一路”, 亚投行
◇ 以高铁换能源 : 天然气, 石油, (泰国)米

中国高铁的优势: 行价比+质量好
1. 速度快 : 350 km / h (但因 空气阻力, 机械寿命和 安全, 限制在 300 km/h)
2. 整建制 (End-to-End Integrated Build)
3. 低价 : RMB 1.8 亿 / 公里 (日本是2.4 亿/公里)

中国高铁技术达世界一流:
◇ 2007 引进德国技术, 
◇ 中国再创新 1,000 个世界标准

中国高铁 发展蓝图 “四纵四横 – 2020年 – 12万公里” :
1. 全国各大省 到 北京: 8 小时
2. 市 到 省会: 4 小时
3. 高铁站多建在市外, 把城市发展中心拉近高铁。

高铁营业模式: 以货运为主, 客运为副:
客运亏本, 货运赚钱 (高铁代替 汽车, 大货车 运货)

“北京 -上海”(1,318 km) = RMB 2,500 亿
(公司 每年 能赚300亿 还给国家, 10年 可以还清)

中国2百万铁路工人的薪金低, 但终身工作稳定, 有医疗福利: 年薪 北京 (RMB 7万 ) / 上海 (8~9万) / 江西 (5万)。

高铁人才培训注重: 品德问题, 业务问题, 把复杂问题简单化。

《记录片》: 中国高铁

第一集

第二集

第三集

Founder of Alibaba Jack Ma Interview by Charlie Rose & Bill Clinton

(Jan 2017) Interview by Charlie Rose

Key take-aways:

Q1. Why called Alibaba ?
JM: I like “Alibaba, open sesame”. Internet is also opening opportunities.

Q2. What is your business philosophy?
JM: Customers #1, Employees #2, Shareholders #3. The conventional companies reverse these 3 priorities. When your company business hits difficulties, shareholders run first, but loyal employees and loyal customers stay with you.

Q3: Where are the business opportunities ?
JM: Today opportunities are everywhere  if  companies can solve  problems faced by the customers. Alibaba’s value is helping the few hundred million SME (Small-Medium Entreprises) to sell their goods to the world. By helping customers (SME), they in turn help Alibaba growing.

Q4: Will Alibaba surpass Microsoft or Walmart one day ?
JM: Yes. Microsoft & Walmart are B-2-C business model, but Alibaba is bigger: C-2-B, bringing billion of customers together to force companies change their way of operating business.

Q5: Do you agree with philanthropy call by Bill Gates & Warren Buffet to donate 50% ~ 90% of your fortune away to charity in your life time?
JM: I only sleep on 1 bed, eat 3 meals…I don’t need millions to spend…If you earn more than 100 million dollars, these monies are given by society to you but not your monies. You should spend the money NOW – and not later in your life time – by giving back to society for the youth’s education, help them creating millions of jobs, health care,  environment…

Q6: Can eCommerce companies in US beat Alibaba?
JM: USA still leads in technology innovation for the next 20~30 years. However, today it is the customer market place that drives the demand of product innovation… China market has 1.4 billion customers…

Ex-President Bill Clinton interviewed Jack Ma (2015): 

China in the last 30 years was export-oriented economy, built factories making cheap products by polluting our environment. China government could not develop internal consumer market, because that required asking Chinese to spend their saving. Chinese saving is the world’s number 1, we spend yesterday’s money (saving) but the Americans spend tomorrow’s money (credit card, bank loans) or somebody’s else money (borrow debt by treasury bonds). 

China  soon to have  half billion middle class people who will have money to spend by importing goods from the world. This is the opportunity for entrepreneurs like Alibaba. Unlike export-oriented economy pollutes air, river and environment, import-oriented economy will be more environment-friendly.