《纽带》- 汉学

1. 当西方遇见中国

  • 罗明坚 (第一个 澳门 耶稣会教士)
  • 利马窦 (万历皇帝, 徐启光 《几何原理》)
  • 卫匡国 (满清入关, 罗马天皇《中国礼仪》 )

2. 汉学点燃欧洲 “启蒙时代”

  • 康熙 和他的法国数学老师 白晋
  • Leibniz : 欧洲和中国互相学习
  • “无为” 影响 Adam Smith 《富国论》”无形的手” (Invisible Hands)
  • 18CE (留法)传教士 黄经略 和 孟德尔鸠 – “民法论” 三权独立
  • Votaire 福尔泰 – “幻想”中国皇帝 就是 Plato的 “哲学家国王” (Philosopher King)。 “孔子信徒” , 歌剧《中国孤儿 》(赵氏孤儿)
  • 影响 法国大革命 – 反国王, 反天主教廷。

4. 法国抢回去的汉学 – 敦煌文献

7. 欧洲”汉学” (Sinology) =>USA “中国学” (Chinese Studies)

  • 费正清
  • 史景迁
  • 魏 …

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Founder of Alibaba Jack Ma Interview by Charlie Rose & Bill Clinton

(Jan 2017) Interview by Charlie Rose

Key take-aways:

Q1. Why called Alibaba ?
JM: I like “Alibaba, open sesame”. Internet is also opening opportunities.

Q2. What is your business philosophy?
JM: Customers #1, Employees #2, Shareholders #3. The conventional companies reverse these 3 priorities. When your company business hits difficulties, shareholders run first, but loyal employees and loyal customers stay with you.

Q3: Where are the business opportunities ?
JM: Today opportunities are everywhere  if  companies can solve  problems faced by the customers. Alibaba’s value is helping the few hundred million SME (Small-Medium Entreprises) to sell their goods to the world. By helping customers (SME), they in turn help Alibaba growing.

Q4: Will Alibaba surpass Microsoft or Walmart one day ?
JM: Yes. Microsoft & Walmart are B-2-C business model, but Alibaba is bigger: C-2-B, bringing billion of customers together to force companies change their way of operating business.

Q5: Do you agree with philanthropy call by Bill Gates & Warren Buffet to donate 50% ~ 90% of your fortune away to charity in your life time?
JM: I only sleep on 1 bed, eat 3 meals…I don’t need millions to spend…If you earn more than 100 million dollars, these monies are given by society to you but not your monies. You should spend the money NOW – and not later in your life time – by giving back to society for the youth’s education, help them creating millions of jobs, health care,  environment…

Q6: Can eCommerce companies in US beat Alibaba?
JM: USA still leads in technology innovation for the next 20~30 years. However, today it is the customer market place that drives the demand of product innovation… China market has 1.4 billion customers…

Ex-President Bill Clinton interviewed Jack Ma (2015): 

China in the last 30 years was export-oriented economy, built factories making cheap products by polluting our environment. China government could not develop internal consumer market, because that required asking Chinese to spend their saving. Chinese saving is the world’s number 1, we spend yesterday’s money (saving) but the Americans spend tomorrow’s money (credit card, bank loans) or somebody’s else money (borrow debt by treasury bonds). 

China  soon to have  half billion middle class people who will have money to spend by importing goods from the world. This is the opportunity for entrepreneurs like Alibaba. Unlike export-oriented economy pollutes air, river and environment, import-oriented economy will be more environment-friendly.

见证:基督徒 vs 佛教徒

Part 1:

台湾一位23年的郑丽津女尼(nun)信基督教后, 带领其他佛教徒认识基督。

Part 2:
吴梅兰女士是其中之一 的12年佛教徒。她连续隔3年为哥哥和姐姐的两家公司担保, 结果都生意失败, 无辜负上2千万 台币 (~ S $900,000)的债务。 她某日碰巧进入教堂, 遇到上帝的触摸, 体验3小时奇妙的”舌头”说方言 (Speak in tongue) 的经历 (Watch video at 23:00 mins)。

Part 3: (video 37:45 mins)

佛教认为三千烦恼丝都因贪嗔痴, 除业障要勤修行。

基督教要人认罪, 把一切交託给上帝, 与主同行, 蒙主恩的保佑, 常带喜 的心 。

这是 “Give & Take” 两种追求人生真理的方式 :
♢ 佛教要苦修行去挣取 (“Take”);

♢ 基督教是上帝已经施恩 (“Given”), 派耶稣基督来这世界洗净人类的原罪, 信祂的人必得救。

孫中山的祷告与见证

孙中山与基督教:

♢ 在基督教圣公会(Anglican)成立的医院学医。

♢ 在伦敦被清朝的特务逮捕, 囚禁于满清公馆里十日, 等待机会送回中国处刑。孙中山呼救无门, 不停迫切地祷告, 第7日上帝感动公馆里的英国仆人, 冒险偷带信出去给孙中山的英国牧师, 求英国政府干涉, 迫满清公馆放人。

♢ 中国革命的地点都在教会, 革命领袖多基督徒, 牧师, 长老。黄花岗72烈士中, 60%是基督徒。

黄兴是孙中山的得力助手, 国民党第2号人物和革命党统帅。他在辛亥革命成功后, 不恋高官爵位, 功成身退, 洗礼成为基督徒。

♢ 妻子宋庆龄, 和孙中山一样是客家人, 留学美国的基督徒。她父亲是牧师。

心念的能量

【心念的能量】

一個人,
心念變了,德行就變了;
德行變了,氣場就變了;
氣場變了,風水就變了;
風水變了,運氣就變了;
運氣變了,命運就變了。
所以,
改變命運真正靠的是自己的正能量,厚德載物。
而不是身上配戴的各種護身符轉運珠…

內心善良,柔和,寬厚,必長福相,那是多麼昂貴的化妝品都裝扮不出來的,相由心生,境由心轉

古人云:
人心生一念,天地盡皆知。
善惡若無報,乾坤必有私。

有些人,似荷,只能遠觀;
有些人,如茶,可以品;
有些人,像風,不必在意;
有些人,是樹,值得依靠;
一切皆緣也。

人生就是一場修行,
修的就是一顆心,
心柔順了,一切就完美了,
心清淨了,處境就美好了,
心快樂了,人生就幸福了。

人這一輩子,
不管活成什麼樣子,
都不要把責任推給別人,
一切喜怒哀樂都是自己造成。
生命是一種回聲,
你把最好的給予別人,
就會從別人那獲得最好的,
你幫助的人越多,你得到的也越多。
你越吝嗇,就越一無所有。
多點淡然,少點虛榮,
活得真實才能自在。

看的是書,讀的却是世界;
沏的是茶,學的却是生活;
斟的是酒,品的却是人生。

人生就像一張有去無回的單程車票。
人生也像一部舞台剧,没有彩排,
每一場都是現場直播!