两弹一星中”原子弹和氢弹”的总工程师邓稼先

大家都该听一听中国 两弹一星* 中 原子弹(Atomic Bomb) 和氢弹 (Hydrogen Bomb) 的总工程师邓稼先的感人的故事。

(*) “一星”指 钱学强 发射中国第一颗 卫星 (satalite)。

http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/su36RUQ3wtT7LZxLuC3nRw

世上读书聪明的学子很多, 但多数是”小时了了, 大未必佳”, 不信? 我读过一本书收藏了历代一千年中国状元的考卷文章, 除了几个状元名字熟悉 (如 王维, 文天祥, 翁同龢…), 其他已被后人遗忘。

那些能千古流芳, 轰轰烈烈一生的学子, 都有气節, 有勇气, 敢作其他聪明人不肯作的”傻事” — 为了爱国, 抛弃荣华富贵, 妻子和孩子, 不顾自己的健康 — 邓稼先是个特例。(西方有居里夫人 – 她的中国留法学生 钱三强 发射 “中子弹” Neutron Bomb)。

杨振宁回国亲自问邓稼先, 听说有美国人帮中国发射原子弹和氢弹, 被告知是邓稼先带领的中国科学家干的, 非常震憾感动, 暗中惭愧地跑去厕所流泪。

《横空出世》就是邓稼先的故事。(全集)

中国高铁 王梦恕院士

​王梦恕 格言: 

物我两忘, 宠辱不惊。
忠孝仁义做人, 求真务实作事。

中国新外交: “高铁”输出
◇ 实现 “一带一路”, 亚投行
◇ 以高铁换能源 : 天然气, 石油, (泰国)米

中国高铁的优势: 行价比+质量好
1. 速度快 : 350 km / h (但因 空气阻力, 机械寿命和 安全, 限制在 300 km/h)
2. 整建制 (End-to-End Integrated Build)
3. 低价 : RMB 1.8 亿 / 公里 (日本是2.4 亿/公里)

中国高铁技术达世界一流:
◇ 2007 引进德国技术, 
◇ 中国再创新 1,000 个世界标准

中国高铁 发展蓝图 “四纵四横 – 2020年 – 12万公里” :
1. 全国各大省 到 北京: 8 小时
2. 市 到 省会: 4 小时
3. 高铁站多建在市外, 把城市发展中心拉近高铁。

高铁营业模式: 以货运为主, 客运为副:
客运亏本, 货运赚钱 (高铁代替 汽车, 大货车 运货)

“北京 -上海”(1,318 km) = RMB 2,500 亿
(公司 每年 能赚300亿 还给国家, 10年 可以还清)

中国2百万铁路工人的薪金低, 但终身工作稳定, 有医疗福利: 年薪 北京 (RMB 7万 ) / 上海 (8~9万) / 江西 (5万)。

高铁人才培训注重: 品德问题, 业务问题, 把复杂问题简单化。

《记录片》: 中国高铁

第一集

第二集

第三集

Founder of Alibaba Jack Ma Interview by Charlie Rose & Bill Clinton

(Jan 2017) Interview by Charlie Rose

Key take-aways:

Q1. Why called Alibaba ?
JM: I like “Alibaba, open sesame”. Internet is also opening opportunities.

Q2. What is your business philosophy?
JM: Customers #1, Employees #2, Shareholders #3. The conventional companies reverse these 3 priorities. When your company business hits difficulties, shareholders run first, but loyal employees and loyal customers stay with you.

Q3: Where are the business opportunities ?
JM: Today opportunities are everywhere  if  companies can solve  problems faced by the customers. Alibaba’s value is helping the few hundred million SME (Small-Medium Entreprises) to sell their goods to the world. By helping customers (SME), they in turn help Alibaba growing.

Q4: Will Alibaba surpass Microsoft or Walmart one day ?
JM: Yes. Microsoft & Walmart are B-2-C business model, but Alibaba is bigger: C-2-B, bringing billion of customers together to force companies change their way of operating business.

Q5: Do you agree with philanthropy call by Bill Gates & Warren Buffet to donate 50% ~ 90% of your fortune away to charity in your life time?
JM: I only sleep on 1 bed, eat 3 meals…I don’t need millions to spend…If you earn more than 100 million dollars, these monies are given by society to you but not your monies. You should spend the money NOW – and not later in your life time – by giving back to society for the youth’s education, help them creating millions of jobs, health care,  environment…

Q6: Can eCommerce companies in US beat Alibaba?
JM: USA still leads in technology innovation for the next 20~30 years. However, today it is the customer market place that drives the demand of product innovation… China market has 1.4 billion customers…

Ex-President Bill Clinton interviewed Jack Ma (2015): 

China in the last 30 years was export-oriented economy, built factories making cheap products by polluting our environment. China government could not develop internal consumer market, because that required asking Chinese to spend their saving. Chinese saving is the world’s number 1, we spend yesterday’s money (saving) but the Americans spend tomorrow’s money (credit card, bank loans) or somebody’s else money (borrow debt by treasury bonds). 

China  soon to have  half billion middle class people who will have money to spend by importing goods from the world. This is the opportunity for entrepreneurs like Alibaba. Unlike export-oriented economy pollutes air, river and environment, import-oriented economy will be more environment-friendly.