Gender of Noun / Pronoun (plural)

English (Blue color)

  • Noun: NO gendered
  • Pronoun (3rd person) : He / She
  • Plural Pronoun: NO gendered

Latin languages eg. French (Red color)

  • Noun: Le Soleil (日) / La Lune (月)
  • Pronoun (3rd person, etc) : Il / Elle, Le /La (声母音’aeiou’ 前简化: L’) , Un/Une (1个), du / de la (= “of” )
  • Plural Pronoun: ils / Elles, Les, Des

Germanic (Yellow color)

  • Noun: gendered
  • Pronoun (3rd person) : gendered
  • Plural Pronoun: NO gendered.

Chinese

  • Noun: NO gendered
  • Pronoun* (2nd & 3rd person) : 你/妳, 他/她
  • Plural Pronoun* : 你们/妳们, 他们/她们

(Note*) : Ancient Chinese didn’t have gendered pronouns (& Plural). Same to current Japanese and Korean. Gendered pronouns (& plural) only introduced in “westernized” Mandarin 白话文 after the 1919 AD “May 4th Movement” (五四运动) 。

Noun and 3rd Person Pronoun (he/she) genders are quite complicated in Latin languages (French, Italian, Spanish) and Germanic languages (German, Swedish, etc).

Chinese is uniquely simple.

Even the French adults have trouble to tell a new Noun (software, computer mouse, hamburger… ) is male / female. The usual nouns’ gender also by rote learning with no rationale, but the foreigners got a trick to remember the genders: anything enclosed spatial or chores related to women is femaline (chamber, house / home, family, box, classroom, car, kitchen/cuisine, fashion, …), masculine nouns related to male jobs or objects (computer, school, book, professor, engineer, train, government, etc). If bisexual Noun, just add ‘e’ behind: étudiant(e) = student(girl), président(e), Michel(lle), …